Diabetic Eye Exams in South Carolina

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Prevent Vision Loss

Diabetes is a leading cause of vision loss in adults. Yet, most eye problems caused by diabetic eye disease are preventable. Regular eye exams can help monitor changes to eye health and implement treatment before symptoms worsen.

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends adults have yearly eye exams to protect vision and eye health. Contact Carolina Eyecare Physicians for a diabetic exam today.

What Is Diabetic Eye Disease?

The longer you live with diabetes, the more likely you are to develop conditions affecting your eye health. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can increase the risk of developing diabetic eye disease. 

Diabetic eye disease is a group of eye problems including

Diabetic eye disease can develop slowly, and patients may not initially notice symptoms or vision problems. Over time, high blood sugar levels cause damage to blood vessels in the eye. The damage can impair vision and interrupt essential eye functions.

Diabetic Eye Disease Overview

Diabetes can cause multiple eye problems, including blurry or double vision. Additional symptoms are specific to the type of eye condition. Take a closer look at how diabetes can lead to cataracts, diabetic macular edema, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma.

Cataracts

Excess blood sugar can cause changes in the eye’s lens, leading to cataract development. The hazy, cloudy spots can interfere with vision. In some cases, cataract surgery may be necessary to help improve visual comfort. Maintaining healthy blood sugar levels can help prevent cataracts or slow development.

Macular edema occurs when fluid buildup causes swelling and thickening of the macula. The swelling can damage the macula, causing vision impairment. Diabetic macular edema is typically caused by diabetic retinopathy.

Diabetic retinopathy is when abnormal blood vessels develop around the retina, often swelling or leaking fluid into the eye. Diabetes and poor blood sugar levels can lead to the growth of abnormal blood vessels.

Glaucoma is a group of diseases that cause irreversible damage to the optic nerve. It usually develops as a result of increased eye pressure, which can occur when abnormal blood vessels leak excess fluid into the eye. Diabetes can double your chance of getting glaucoma.

Diagnosing Diabetic Eye Disease

At Carolina Eyecare Physicians, we use various diagnostic technologies to evaluate your eye health. Some common devices patients can expect at their next diabetic eye exam include fundus and retinal imaging technology.

Digital Fundus Imaging

Diabetic eye disease can affect essential tissue located at the back of the eye (the fundus). Fundus imaging uses a low-power microscope to photograph the interior surface and back of the eye, including the retina, macula, optic nerve, fovea, and blood vessels.

Digital fundus imaging is a noninvasive test that can be completed in a few minutes. The device captures images by peering through the pupil, so pupil dilation is necessary to effectively evaluate the back of the eye.

Optos retinal imaging creates a map of internal eye structures, particularly the back of the eye. Eyes have unique shapes, so what may be a normal structure for one patient may be abnormal for another. With a detailed map of your eye, your eye doctor can monitor changes to eye structures to assess your ocular health.

Zeiss Clarus 500 Retinal Imaging

The Clarus 500 retinal imaging technology provides 200° high-resolution color fundus imaging. Capturing details about the unique shape and structure of your eyes is crucial for diagnosing eye conditions. Color imaging can help your eye doctor track even subtle changes inside the eye.

Book Your Diabetic Eye Exam

Yearly diabetic eye exams can help patients preserve their vision. Patients with eye problems may require more frequent exams to observe eye tissue and vision changes. Talk to your eye doctor about exam frequency and what you can do to protect your eye health. Book a diabetic eye exam with Carolina Eyecare Physicians.

Locations

We have several convenient locations throughout South Carolina. Please view the nearest location to you or get directions below. 

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